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Diabetes Statistics in 2019
The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) is an umbrella organization. That is in more than 200 national diabetes associations in more than 160 countries. In addition to promoting diabetes care and prevention, IDF follows global statistics on diabetes.
The Federation publishes the Diabetes Atlas. Collection of statistics and commentaries on diabetes, published from time to time. The Atlas is founded on data providing by its members. In the case of national associations, facts, and figures published by the Israel Defense Forces. These are considered relatively reliable.
The 6th edition of IDF Diabetes
According to the 6th edition of IDF Diabetes Atlas, published in 2013. The total population of the world is 7,200 million. This figure is expected to reach 8.7 billion by 2035, within 22 years. This total population includes 4.6 billion adults and is expected to reach 5.9 billion by 2035. The IDF defines an adult as a person aged between 20 and 79, the age group most likely to develop.
Atlas of Diabetes Report:
According to the Atlas of Diabetes, approximately 382 million people worldwide. Diabetes people are 8.3% of the 4.6 million adults (aged 20 to 79), have diabetes. Nearly half of adults with diabetes are between the ages of 40 and 59. The age at which people reach their most productive stage of life.
The amount of people with kind 2 diabetes is cumulative in all countries. If current trends continue.IDF expects that more than 592 million people will have diabetes by 2035. That is an increase of 55% when one in ten adults develop diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes cannot be diagnosed for several reasons. There are insufficient symptoms in the early years of the sickness. In addition, complications vary so much. the that even with the symptoms; diabetes is not necessarily the cause.
Many (but not all) people who know they have the disease will try to beat their diabetes. The problem with undiagnosed diabetes is that these diabetics do not control blood sugar and may develop complications. The result may be as kidney disease, heart failure, retinopathy, and neuropathy, without their knowledge.
The Diabetes Atlas provides statistics on 219 countries that IDF has grouped into seven regions: Africa, Europe, Middle East, and North Africa, North America and the Caribbean, South and Central America, Southeast Asia, and Western Pacific.
IDF estimates that 80% of people with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries. where the disease develops very rapidly and poses a threat to development. However, the prevalence of diabetes varies considerably from one region to another. That is from one country to another. It also varies a lot from one region to another.up to a point which suggests that the grouping of countries in regions by the IDF needs to be reviewed.
Undiagnosed diabetes also varies from region to region. In some countries in sub-Saharan Africa. That is nearly 90% of people with diabetes are undiagnosed. Mainly because of a lack of resources and priorities. In contrast, in high-income countries. About one-third of people with diabetes have not been diagnosed.
In most countries, diabetes is increasing with rapid economic development. Leading to changes in diets, an aging population. Increased urbanization, reduced physical activity, and unhealthy behaviors. However, many governments seem to ignore the growing crisis .So that risks of serious consequences that could hinder the development of their countries.
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
The IDF estimates that around 316 million people, or 6.9% of adults (20 to 79 years of age), have reduced glucose tolerance. By 2035, this number is expected to reach 471 million (8.0% of the world’s adult population).
Diabetic age groups:
This is serious because people with IT or prediabetes have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. IGT is also related to the development of cardiovascular diseases. The majority of adults with IGT (approximately 3.5% of the total world population) is under the age of 50. Therefore, has a high risk of becoming type 2 diabetics later in life. Even more worrisome, the fact is that almost a third of people with TIG is between 20 and 39 years old. Unless you change your lifestyle, you are virtually certain that these people will become diabetic later on.
When we add the number of diabetics worldwide (382 million) to the number of people with TIG (316 million). we obtain a total of 698 million. In other words, almost 10% of the world population. More than 15% of all adults (20 to 79 years old) have diabetes or prediabetes.
In comparison, on this planet, only 33.4 million people living with HIV/AIDS, or approximately 1/20 of diabetics and pre-diabetics. It is clear that diabetes and prediabetes represent a major crisis that threatens to overwhelm global health systems.
According to the opinion received, medical complications caused by diabetes. Such as heart failure and kidney disease, are the main causes of death in most countries. However, it is very difficult to accurately estimate the number of deaths because. (a) More than a third of countries do not maintain data on deaths from diabetes and. (b) Routine health statistics record deaths because death certificates in which these statistics are often based on the fact that diabetes is not the cause of death.
How To Overcome Diabetes:
To overcome these problems, IDF uses a modeling approach to estimate the number of deaths attributable to diabetes. That appears to have provided reasonable estimates. It is expected that diabetes causes approximately 5.1 million deaths among adults between the ages of 20 and 79 in 2013. That almost half (48%) of these people will be under 60 years of age. Diabetes is one of the foremost causes of early death.
These deaths represent approximately 8.4% of all adult deaths (20 to 79 years). Deaths from diabetes are increasing. The estimated total number of deaths in 2013 is an increase of 11% compared to 2011. Deaths related to diabetes have an upward trend.
There is no cure for diabetes. For this reason, diabetics must take care of their health with diligence. When they cannot control their diabetes with diet and exercise. They have to take their medications regularly. This can be expensive for health systems, diabetics, and their families. The IDF estimated that global health spending on diabetes was at least $ 548 billion in 2013. Which represents 11% of total spending on health for adults. It is expected that this figure will exceed $ 627 billion by 2035.
When diabetes is not diagnosed, the benefits of early diagnosis and treatment are lost. Therefore, the costs of undiagnosed diabetes should be considerable. One study found that in the United States. undiagnosed diabetes was responsible for $ 18 billion in additional health care costs in one year.
There are big disparities in spending between countries and regions. Global spending on diabetes accounts for only 20 percent of health spending in low- and middle-income countries. Where 80 percent of people with diabetes live. In 2013, expenses are estimated at USD 5,621 per diabetic in high-income countries. Only USD 356 in low and middle-income countries.
However, when comparing different countries. The disparities are extremely remarkable. Norway spends an average of US $ 10,368 for the treatment of diabetes. Countries like Somalia and Eritrea spend less than the US $ 30.
However, the costs associated with diabetes go beyond the costs of providing adequate health services. General costs include productivity losses, social costs such as disability benefits and loss of income. Deprived of a doubt, diabetes levies a heavy economic load on countries, individuals and families.